Gloeophyllum trabeum ATCC 11539

Credit: Corinne Darmond

Genome Project

- Joint Genome Institute, U.S. Department of Energy

EST Project

Annotated cDNA - Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics, Concordia University

Species Information (MycoBank)

Current name

Gloeophyllum trabeum (C.H. Persoon) Murrill 1908 [1]


Agaricus trabeus Persoon 1801 [2]

Obligate synonyms

Daedalea trabea (Persoon) Fries 1821 [3]
Daedalea quercina subsp. trabea (Persoon) Pers. 1828 [4]
Lenzites trabea (Persoon) Fries 1838 [5]
Trametes trabea (Persoon) Bresadola 1897 [6]
Cellularia trabea (Persoon) Kuntze 1898 [7]
Coriolopsis trabea (Persoon) Bondartsev & Singer 1941 [8]
Lenzites trabeus (Persoon) Bresadola 1897 [6]
Phaeocoriolellus trabeus (Persoon) Kotlaba & Pouzar 1957 [9]

Taxonomic synonyms
Lenzites clelandii Lloyd 1919 [10]
Daedalea eatonii Berkeley 1876 [11]
Lenzites mollis Heufler ex Kalchbrenner 1868 [12]
Cellularia mollis (Heufler ex Kalchbrenner) Kuntze 1898 [7]
Daedalea mutabilis Quélet 1896 [13]
Lenzites sepiaria var. pini Velenovský 1922
Daedalea poetschii Schulzer 1879 [LEG; MB209454]
Striglia poetschii (Schulzer) Kuntze 1891 [14]
Daedalea reisneri Velenovský 1922 [15]
Poria rensii Bresadola 1926 [16]
Lenzites roburnea Velenovský 1930 [17]
Trametes sordida Spegazzini 1898 [18]
Lenzites thermophila Falck 1909
Lenzites vialis Peck 1873 [19]
Cellularia vialis (Peck) Kuntze 1898 [7]
Phaeocoriolellus trabeus f. vialis (Peck) Domanski, Orlos & Skirgiello 1967 [20]

Morphic status

Teleomorph (anamorph unknown)

Lineage (abbreviated from MycoBank)

Fungi; Basidiomycota; Agaricomycetes; Gloeophyllales; Gloeophyllaceae; Gloeophyllum


Gloeophyllum trabeum is an aggressive brown rot species leading to rapid weight loss of colonized wood blocks [21]. This fungus has a global distribution [22] and occurs on dead hard- and softwood trees [23].

Interesting Features

Decomposer of lignocellulose

Gloeophyllum trabeum is one of the model brown-rot fungi [24]. It secretes an array of hydrolytic enzymes including standard and processive endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, and xylanase [25,26]. In addition, G. trabeum has been demonstrated to secrete alcohol oxidase and NADH:quinone oxidoreductase, which have been proposed to be involved in lignocellulose degradation [27,28]. A low-molecular-weight peptide, Gt factor, was discovered in G. trabeum and may play an important role in generating hydroxyl radicals, leading to lignin modification and the disruption of cellulose chains [29-31]. Pyranose 2-oxidase and laccase encoding gene sequences have also been detected in G. trabeum [32-33]. The secretion of quinones by G. trabeum suggests the involvement of Fenton-type chemistry in lignocellulose degradation by brown rot fungi [34]. There is evidence that G. trabeum has a more destructive effect on lignin than most other brown rot fungi [35]. Recently it has been demonstrated that this fungus is able to ferment sugars to ethanol [36].


1. Murrill, W.A., Polyporaceae, Part 2. North American Flora, 1908. 9: p. 73-131.

2. Persoon, C.H., Synopsis methodica fungorum. 1801, Göttingen.

3. Fries, E.M., Systema Mycologicum. Vol. 1. 1821.

4. Persoon, C.H., Mycologia Europaea. Vol. 3. 1828.

5. Fries, E., Epicrisis Systematis Mycologici. 1838.

6. Bresadola, G., Hymenomycetes Hungarici Kmetiani. Atti dell´Istituto Reale dell´Accademia di Rovereto di Scienze, 1897. 3: p. 66-120.

7. Kuntze, O., Revisio generum plantarum. Vol. 3. 1898.

8. Bondartsev, A. and R. Singer, Zur Systematik der Polyporaceae. Annales Mycologici, 1941. 39: p. 43-65.

9. Kotlába, F. and Z. Pouzar, Poznámky k trídení evropských chorosu [Notes on classification of European pore fungi]. Ceská Mykologie, 1957. 11: p. 152-170.

10. Lloyd, C.G., Mycological Notes 61. Mycological Writings, 1919. 61: p. 877-903.

11. Berkeley, M.J., An enumeration of the fungi collected ath the Cape of Good Hope during the stay of the English Transit of Venus expedition in 1874. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign, 1876. 14: p. 173-176.

12. Kalchbrenner, K., Diagnosen zu einigen Hymenomyceten des v. Hohenbühel-Heufler'schen Herbars. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft Wien, 1868. 18: p. 429-432.

13. Quélet, L., Quelques espèces critiques ou nouvelles de la flore mycologique de France. Quelques espèces critiques ou nouvelles de la flore mycologique de France, 1895. 24: p. 616-622.

14. Kuntze, O., Revisio generum plantarum. Vol. 2. 1891.

15. Velenovský, J., Ceske Houby, 1922. 4-5: p. 633-950.

16. Bresadola, G., Selecta mycologica II. Stud. Trent., 1926. 7: p. 51-81.

17. Velenovský, J., Mykologia 1930. 7: p. 18.

18. Spegazzini, C., Fungi Argentini novi vel critici. Anales del Museo nacional de Historia natural, Buenos Aires, 1898. 6: p. 81-288.

19. Peck, C.H., Descriptions of new species of fungi. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 1873(1): p. 41-72.

20. Domanski, S., H. Orlos, and A. Skirgiello, Zagwiowate II (Polyporaceae pileatae), Szczeciniakowate II (Mucronoporaceae pileatae), Lakownicowate (Ganodermataceae), Bondarcewowate (Bondarzewiaceae), Boletkowate (Boletopsidaceae), Ozorkowate (Fistulinaceae). Flora Polska, Grzyby (Mycota), 1967. 3: p. 267.

21. Fackler, K., et al., Localisation and characterisation of incipient brown-rot decay within spruce wood cell walls using FT-IR imaging microscopy. Enzyme Microb Technol, 2010. 47(6): p. 257-267. []

22. Ryvarden, L. and R.L. Gilbertson, European polypores. Syn. Fung. Vol. 6. 1993, Oslo. 292.

23. Farr, D.F. and A.Y. Rossmann. Fungal Databases, Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory Fungus-Host Database. [] [cited 2011 March 7].

24. Arantes, V., et al., Lignocellulosic polysaccharides and lignin degradation by wood decay fungi: the relevance of nonenzymatic Fenton-based reactions. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol, 2010. []

25. Cohen, R., M.R. Suzuki, and K.E. Hammel, Processive endoglucanase active in crystalline cellulose hydrolysis by the brown rot basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum. Appl Environ Microbiol, 2005. 71(5): p. 2412-7. []

26. Eriksson, K.E., R.A. Blanchette, and P. Ander, Microbial and enzymatic degradation of wood and wood components. 1990: Springer.

27. Jensen Jr, K.A., Jr., et al., An NADH:quinone oxidoreductase active during biodegradation by the brown-rot basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum. Appl Environ Microbiol, 2002. 68(6): p. 2699-703. []

28. Daniel, G., et al., Characteristics of Gloeophyllum trabeum alcohol oxidase, an extracellular source of H2O2 in brown rot decay of wood. Appl Environ Microbiol, 2007. 73(19): p. 6241-53. []

29. Wang, W. and P. Gao, A peptide-mediated and hydroxyl radical HO*-involved oxidative degradation of cellulose by brown-rot fungi. Biodegradation, 2002. 13(6): p. 383-94. []

30. Wang, W. and P.J. Gao, Function and mechanism of a low-molecular-weight peptide produced by Gloeophyllum trabeum in biodegradation of cellulose. J Biotechnol, 2003. 101(2): p. 119-30. []

31. Wang, W., et al., Lignin degradation by a novel peptide, Gt factor, from brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum. Biotechnol J, 2006. 1(4): p. 447-53. []

32. D'Souza, T.M., K. Boominathan, and C.A. Reddy, Isolation of laccase gene-specific sequences from white rot and brown rot fungi by PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol, 1996. 62(10): p. 3739-44. []

33. Dietrich, D. and C. Crooks, Gene cloning and heterologous expression of pyranose 2-oxidase from the brown-rot fungus, Gloeophyllum trabeum. Biotechnol Lett, 2009. 31(8): p. 1223-8. []

34. Jensen, K.A., Jr., et al., Pathways for extracellular Fenton chemistry in the brown rot basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum. Appl Environ Microbiol, 2001. 67(6): p. 2705-11. []

35. Yelle, D.J., et al., Evidence for cleavage of lignin by a brown rot basidiomycete. Environ Microbiol, 2008. 10(7): p. 1844-9. []

36. Rasmussen, M.L., et al., Sequential saccharification of corn fiber and ethanol production by the brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum. Bioresour Technol, 2010. 101(10): p. 3526-33. []