Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides var. herpotrichoides CBS 494.80


Credit: Geneviève Quenneville

Genome Project

– Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics, Concordia University

EST Project

Species Information (from Index Fungorum)

Name

Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides var. herpotrichoides 1973 [1]

Current name

Oculimacula yallunde (Wallwork & Spooner) Crous & W. Gams 2003 [2]

Basionym

Tapesia yallundae Wallwork & Spooner 1988 [3]

Synonym

Cercosporella herpotrichoides Fron 1912
Helgardia herpotrichoides (Fron) Crous & W. Gams 2003 [2]

Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron) Deighton 1973
Ramulispora herpotrichoides (Fron) Arx 1983 [4]

Tapesia yallundae Wallwork & Spooner 1988 [3]
Tapesia yallundae var. yallundae Wallwork & Spooner 1988 [3]

Associated anamorph

Helgardia herpotrichoides (Fron) Crous & W. Gams 2003 [2]

Lineage (from NCBI Taxonomy)

Fungi; Ascomycota; Leotiomycetes; Helotiales; Dermateaceae; Oculimacula

Ecology

Found on cereals and grasses worldwide [5-9]. Its growth is favoured by cool damp weather and wet soil, and the temperature optimum for growth is 20-23 oC [10].

Interesting Features

Phytopathogen

Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides causes foot-rot disease (also known as strawbreaker, eyespot or lodging disease) of cereals and grasses [10,11]. Two main pathotypes of the fungus are present in field populations: W-type and R-type. W-type is usually more pathogenic to wheat seedlings than to rye while R-type is equally pathogenic for these species [11 and references therein; 12]. These types are also distinguished by morphology and fungicide resistance characteristics.


Lignocellulose degradation

Cellulolytic and pectinolytic enzyme activities were detectable in culture media from Cercosporella herpotrichoides Fron grown at the expense of pectin or carboxymethylcellulose and malt extract [13]. Growth on wheat seedling cell walls elicited expression of cell wall degrading enzymes, including xylanase, arabinase and laminarinase with the latter two enzyme activities being constitutive rather than inducible [14]. Inducible xylanase activities were detected in culture media from 15 different strains of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides [15] . Pectinolytic and cellulolytic enzme activities were also detected in young wheat plants infected with Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides var. herpotrichoides [16].

Host for recombinant protein production

Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides has been used to express E. coli beta-glucuronidase [17].

References

1. Deighton FC (1973) Studies on Cercospora and allied genera. IV. Cercosporella Sacc., Pseudocercosporella gen. nov. and Pseudocercosporidium gen. nov. Mycological Papers 133: 1-62.


2. Crous PW, Groenewald JZ and Gams W (2003) Eyespot of cereals revisited: ITS phylogeny reveals new species relationships. Eur J Plant Path. 109: 841-850.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/pq7807q70x0n4541/


3. Wallwork H and Spooner BM (1988) Tapesia yallundae, new species: the teleomorph of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides. Trans Brit Mycol Soc 91: p. 703-705.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153688800500


4. Arx JA v. (1983) Mycosphaerella and its anamorphs. Proceedings van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Section C. 86:15-54.


5. Gac M et al. (1996) Comparative study of morphological, cultural and molecular markers for the characterization of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides isolates. Eur J Plant Path. 102: 325-337.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/k249625628227863/


6. Andrade O (2005) Identification of Tapesia yallundae Wallwork & Spooner, Teleomorph of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (Fron.) Deighton var. herpotrichoides, the Causal Agent of Eyespot of Wheat in Southern Chile. Agricultura Técnica 65(3): 306-311

http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?pid=S0365-28072003000400004&script=sci_arttext&tlng=pt


7. Slopekl SW, Fletcher B and Labun TJ (1990) First report of eyespot [ Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides] in wheat in the Prairie Provinces. Canadian Plant Disease Survey 70(2): 119-121.

http://www.cps-scp.ca/download/cpds-archive/vol70/CPDS_Vol_70_No_2_1990_OCR.pdf#page=11


8. Cunningham PC (1981) Occurrence, role and pathogenic traits of a distinct pathotype of Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides. Trans Br Mycol Soc. 76(1): 3-15.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153681800022


9. Sprague R (1931) Cercosporella Herpotrichoides Fron, the Cause of the Columbia Basin Footrot of Winter Wheat. Science 74(1906): 51-53.

http://www.sciencemag.org/content/74/1906/51.short


10. http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/diseases/Secalis/Secalis_Cercosporella_herpotrichoides/


11. Hollins TW, Scott PR and Paine JR. (1985) Morphology, benomyl resistance and pathogenicily to

wheat and rye of isolales of Pseudocercosporelta herpotrichoides. Plant Pathology 34: 369-379.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3059.1985.tb01375.x/abstract


12. Takeuchi T and Kuninagn S (1994) Genetic relationships in Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides determined from DNA relatedness Mycol Res. 98(9): 1059-1064

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953756209804334


13. Hanssler, G.. G. Menke, F. Grossmann (1971): Production of pectolytic and cellulolytic enzymes by Cercosporella herpotrichoides Fron. Experientia 27, 1022.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/712523jq41g72781/


14. Cooper RM et al. (1988) Enzymic adaptation of cereal pathogens to the monocotyledonous primary wall. Physiol and Mol Plant Path. 32(1): 33-47

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885576588800043

15. Redlhammer S, Menke G and Grossmann F (1984) Investigations of the production of extracellular hemicellulases by Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides in vitro. Phytopathol Z. 110(1): 49-62

http://md1.csa.com/partners/viewrecord.php?requester=gs&collection=ENV&recid=778738&q=Pseudocercosporella+herpotrichoides+cellulase&uid=790520657&setcookie=yes

16. Mbwaga AM, Menke G and Grossmann F (1997) Investigations on the Activity of Cell Wall-degrading Enzymes in Young Wheat Plants After Infection with Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (From) Deighton. J Phytopath 145: 123-130

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1997.tb00374.x/abstract

17. Bunkers GJ (1991) Expression of the Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase gene in Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides. Appl Environ Microbiol. 57(10): 2896-900.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC183893/?tool=pubmed