Talaromyces thermophilus NRRL 2155


Credit: Corinne Darmond

Genome Project

— Genozymes Project, Concordia University

EST Project

— Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics, Concordia University

Species Information (from MycoBank)

Current name

Talaromyces thermophilus Stolk 1965 [1]

Associated anamorph

Penicillium dupontii Griffon & Maublanc 1911 [2]

Taxonomic synonyms
Talaromyces dupontii (Griffon & Maublanc) Apinis 1963 [3]

Lineage (from MycoBank)

Ascomycota; Eurotiomycetes; Eurotiales; Trichocomaceae; Talaromyces

Ecology

Has been isolated from fermented straw, manure, compost, plant material and soil (1,4). Temperature for growth is 45 oC [1]. Strains of Talaromyces thermophilus have been found in North America, Asia and Europe.

Interesting Features

Decomposer of lignocellulose

Talaromyces thermophilus can grow in presence of xylan and wheat bran as sole source of carbon [5].The organism is not able to grow using filter paper, but nevertheless secretes enzymes that hydrolyze carboxymethylcellulose [6].

Source of thermophilic enzymes

Biomass-active enzymes of Talaromyces thermophilus that have been characterized include phytases [7,8], beta D- xylosidase [9], beta-galactosidase (10, 11), beta-glucosidase (11) and xylanase [5].

References

1. Stolk AC (1965) Thermophilic species of Talaromyces Benjamin and Thermoascus Miehe. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 31: 262-276.


2. Griffon E, Maublanc A (1911) Deux moisissures thermophiles. Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France 27: 68-74.


3. Apinis AE (1963) Occurrence of thermophilous microfungi in certain alluvial soils near Nottingham. Nova Hedwigia 5: 57-78.


4. Stolk AC and Samson RA (1972) The Genus Talaromyces: Studies on Talaromyces and related genera II. Studies in Mycology 2: 1-65.

http://www.cbs.knaw.nl/publications/1002/content_files/content.htm


5. Maalej, I., et al., Highly thermostable xylanase of the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces thermophilus: purification and characterization. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2009. 158(1): p. 200-12.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18668373


6. Fergus CL (1969) The Cellulolytic Activity of Thermophilic Fungi and Actinomycetes.

Mycologia: 120-129

http://www.jstor.org/stable/3757350?seq=3


7. Pasamontes, L., et al., Cloning of the phytases from Emericella nidulans and the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces thermophilus. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1997. 1353(3): p. 217-23.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9349716


8. Wyss, M., et al., Biophysical characterization of fungal phytases (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate phosphohydrolases): Molecular size, glycosylation pattern, and engineering of proteolytic resistance. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 1999. 65(2): p. 359-366.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC91033/?tool=pubmed


9. Guerfali, M., A. Gargouri, and H. Belghith, Talaromyces thermophilus beta-D-xylosidase: Purification, characterization and xylobiose synthesis. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2008. 150(3): p. 267-279.

http://www.springerlink.com/content/41242k307721183n/fulltext.pdf


10. Nakkharat, P. and D. Haltrich, Lactose hydrolysis and formation of galactooligosaccharides by a novel immobilized beta-galactosidase from the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces thermophilus. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2006. 129-132: p. 215-25.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16915641


11. Nakkharat, P. and D. Haltrich, Purification and characterisation of an intracellular enzyme with beta-glucosidase and beta-galactosidase activity from the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces thermophilus CBS 236.58. Journal of biotechnology, 2006. 123(3): p. 304-13.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/164460